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The march of Civilisation
Came to Port Phillip in 1849
Arrivals in 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1847, 1848,

Accuracy of the quoted age is questionable - for both adults and children. Fares were determined by the age.

They came by ship - Assisted Immigrants who arrived or left in 1849

Passenger lists - NSW lists as families or singles, Victoria has age of individual, or C=child, A=Adult.
Some are not on both lists, people slip between the lists - Vic includes crew and maybe the paying passengers.
I indicate if I have viewed the fiche containing photographed images of the Returns of Passengers. This is sometimes difficult, maybe impossible (lovely word - 'illegible') and frustrating when people are so important they are listed as Mr and Lady, when I want the forenames.
Reference is NSW Passenger Lists - Assisted Immigrants to Port Phillip came


- Maitland on 7 Jan 1849, Manchester on 12 Jan '49, Lysander 13 Jan '49, Duchess of Northumberland on 15 Jan, Thomas Arbuthnot 17 Jan,


- Labuan on 11 Feb,

Caroline Agnes

arrived 28 June 1849, Newspaper Melbourne Argus Sat 30 June 1849 reports she reached Geelong, ship 481 tons, from England in March 1849 Captain James Alexander, Surgeon Superintendent G Coward Esq., Passenger Mr Fairburn, Immigrants 36 married couples, 50 single men, 38 single women, besides children both male and female; being 282 souls. It is unusual for various reports to agree!
The painting of the Caroline Agnes is at this Web page because the original site by Don Ferguson has closed.


arrived 8 May 1849, barque, 639 tons, WH Norman Commander, left England 26 Dec 1848 for Adelaide, Port Phillip and Sydney.
List from Adelaide paper
The barque Coromandel, 639 tons, built London 1820, owned by Ingram, previous master F Pember, now WH Norman, master, Sailed from London, (Deal) 14th December 1848 & Plymouth, Arrived at Adelaide from London and Plymouth on Tuesday 3 April and Cleared Out, Saturday, April 28 — for Port Phillip. Passengers— Mr and Mrs Brocklesly and servant, Mr Tingcomb, Mrs Monteith, Mr Macfarlane, and two Misses Holberton, in the cabin;
Mr and Mrs Wallace and two children, Mr M'Cabe, Mr Crawley, Mr Hewett, Mr and Mrs Byrne, Mrs Taylor and two children, Mr and Mrs Campbell and infant, Mr M'Mahon, two children of Mr M'Cormack, Mr and Mrs Sibley, Mr and Mrs Hall and infant, Mr and Mrs Judkins and child, Mr Chambers, Mr and Mrs Bensley, Miss Twelem, Miss Jool, Mr and Mrs Brigs, Mr and Mrs Callow, Mr Walker, Mr Murray, Mr Mount, Mr Stringer, Mr Joes, Mr Mills, Mr Dornton, Mr Harper, Mr M'Alpins, Mr Fitzsimons, Mr Brown, Mr Leitch, Mr Andrews, Mr White, Mr Challis, Mr Brooke, Mr Mathews, Mr Bill, Mr Clarke, Mr Greaves, and Mr Coombes, in the steerage.
List from Port Phillip Herald
Arrived 8 May, Coromandel, barque, 639 tons, WH Norman commander
Passengers from England for Melbourne, Mr and Mrs Wallace and two children, Mr and Mrs Judkins and child, Mr and Mrs Hall and child, Mr and Mrs Sibley, Mr and Mrs Boys, Miss Tevelin, Mr and Mrs Brocklesby and servant, Mr Macfarlane, Messrs Clarke, Crawley, Grieve, Traill, Stringer, Mount, Walker and Brooks.
Passengers for Sydney Mr and Mrs Byrne and child, Mrs Taylor and two chn, Mrand Mrs Gordon, Mr and Mrs Campbell and infant, Mr and Mrs Bensley, Miss Jool, Mrs Monteith, Miss MJ Holberton, Miss RA Holberton, Mr Tingcombe, McMahon, Andrews, White, Challis, Mathews, Bell, Mills, Darnton, Fitzsimmons, Brown, leitch, Harper, Murray - Agents Heape and Grice.

Duchess of Northumberland

arrived at Port Phillip on 15 January 1849 Robert Mills along with his wife Sarah Jane Gregory and their children


arrived 4 Feb 1849 left England 26 Sep 1848 Port Phillip
See Eden


departure...21 Sep 1848 from Plymouth, Devon, England and arrival.....31 Jan 1849 at Port Phillip, Note - sailing ship 'Lysander', arrived in South Australia 6th July 1839:
Passenger list for the Bounty claim, by NSW Officials.
Arrival recorded in the Argus, Tues 16 Jan 1849,
The Lysander, from London and Plymouth, with 236 immigrants, arrived on Saturday morning, after a very long passage. She brings 48 married couples, 25 single men, 32 single women, 41 boys, 31 girls under 14, and under 1 year old, 7 girls and 4 boys, there were 7 deaths and 9 births on the voyage; the immigrants are principally from Cornwall, and are mostly miners, and agricultural labourers. The Surgeon expressed his satisfaction with their good conduct on the voyage, and the immigrants also appear very well satisfied. The Lysander spoke on the 27th Nov off the Cape, the barque Offley, from London to Hobart Town.
The Lysander while coming through the Bay of Biscay in a heavy gale of wind, lost a man overboard, he had just been relieved from the lee wheel, at 12 oclock at night, and during the heavy rolling of the vessel, he had clung to the spanker boom, for support, but being unable to keep his hold he was thrown overboard, she also lost another hand, who was standing on the rail of the ship, when he lost his balance and fell overboard. One of the apprentices also died from inflammatory fever.

From Michael Cannon, entitled "Perilous Voyages To The New Land" published by Today's Australia Publishing Company, 1995 - ISBN 0 646 24018 8.
I quote:
"This unique book will greatly increase your admiration for white settlers who dared all perils to search for better lives in Australia. Driven from their homes by harsh conditions in Britain, these pioneering families risked death to make the long voyage to the other side of the world. The vessels in which they came looked beautiful from afar. But in the crowded emigrant decks, conditions were often appalling, leading to much unnecessary suffering."
Michael covers some of the most notorious of the ships, the greedy agents, despotic Captains and drunken Surgeons, which brought Assisted Immigrants to Port Phillip (now Victoria) between 1839 - 1850, drawing his information from a number of official sources. This is part of his description of the voyage of the "Lysander" which left Plymouth on 21st. September 1848 with 238 emigrants, mostly Cornish miners and their families, arriving Port Melbourne 114 days later: "According to evidence given by the emigrants, 'The surgeon had addicted himself to intemperance in the use of intoxicating drink, and consequently rendered himself incapable of attending to his duties.'
The Immigration Board in Melbourne confirmed that Dr. Hunter was 'in every way unfit to maintain that discipline among the people ... so necessary to the well-being of those being entrusted to his superintendence.'
While drunk, Dr. Hunter failed to prevent the Lysander's third mate, a man called William Harley, from gaining frequent access to the single women's quarter. Harley was probably encouraged in his opinion of their morality by the fact that two unmarried women gave birth during the voyage. They were 22-year-old Cornish farm servant Mary Ann Tremayne, and 21-year-old Monmouth bonnet-maker Emma Phillips.
The matron, a 35-year-old Somerset cook named Mrs. Mary Davis, attempted to prevent the third mate from importuning her young charges. When she argued with him. she testified, he 'took her by the shoulders, and said he would throw her out of the port'. And further on: "Meanwhile, many of the Lysander's immigrants were undergoing further tribulations. Dr. John Patterson, Immigration Agent, thought that Cornish Miners were "not the description of persons who are likely to prove useful to the colony" - a verdict set aside when the gold rush began in 1851.
But the Port Phillipians of 1850 agreed with Dr. Patterson. At that date they only wanted labourers with agricultural experience. About fifty Cornish people remained unemployed on the Lysander, rejecting a government offer to transport them to prospective employers at Portland Bay.
Captain Lulham was bound to give them a fortnight's free board and lodging on the ship. At the end of that period, Dr. Patterson went on board and warned them that they 'should have no place of refuge or protection from the government.'
The immigrants were landed on Queen's Wharf on the evening of the 30th. January 1849 and would have been left without shelter for the night, had not Chief Constable Joseph Bloomfield been passing. He arranged temporary accommodation for them in nearby tnns, and slowly they merged into the general population."
William Evans (29), Matilda Evans (26), William Evans (8) & Emily Evans (3) arrived at Port Phillip on the ship 'Lysander' on the 13 Jan 1849. William was a Carpenter. Naive Place and County was listed as Nantyglau (Nantyglo?) Monmouthshire. Their religion was Baptist. They could all read and write apart from Emily. William Evans born c1819 wed c1839 to MATILDA MARIA PHILLIPS born c1822 in Monmouthshire, England daughter of JOHN PHILLIPS and ANN MORGAN. She was born Abt. 1822 in Monmouth, Wales
They had four more children, Tom born in Melbourne and then Joseph, Rosena and Eleanor born in Collingwood. Joseph was 3 yrs 3 mths and Rosena was aged under 1 yr when they died.
Source Evans family.

Elizabeth Halls was born in Cornwall and migrated to Victoria with her parents and brothers James, John and William aboard the ship "Lysander'' which arrived in Port Phillip on 13 JAN 1849. Her brother William, died at an early age, having choked during a meal There is a record of John Halls marrying Mary Stephens in Helston on 29 Nov 1825 The 1841 Census shows the following family in Helston.
John 30, Mary 45, Mary 20, James 15, John 14, Elizabeth 10 and William 7
Elizabeth married William CUNNING on 19 Oct 1852.
Thomas Menallack - baptized Sithney, 6th November 1808. Married Mary Ivey at Sithney 21st October 1832. Thomas, Mary and seven children ranging in age from 4 to 19, arrived in Australia in January 1849. They came as Assisted Emigrants on the ship Lysander, recorded as Mannalick. Thomas died in Brunswick, Victoria, Australia, in 1891, with his parents correctly named on his death certificate, his age given as 81 years. He married Maria Goodman in June 1852 at Melbourne. He built the Cornish Arms Hotel in Brunswick and held the licence from 1857 until his death.
George Frederick Read (son of Elizabeth and Richard Reed) born 22 Jun 1816 Chelsea London ENG; christened 11 Aug 1816 St Lukes Chelsea London ENG. George went to sea as a midshipman at the age of 15 and came to Australia as crew on the ship Lysander arriving in 1849. Emma Jane born abt 1833/1834 Yeovil SOM ENG was the daughter of George WITHEY and Eury SLADE. She died 18 Jul 1910 Albury NSW AUS.
George wed 9 Feb 1849 in Melbourne VIC AUS. to Emma Jane Withey, whom he had met onboard the Lysander.
Emma Jane Withey wed 1849 #3871 to George Frederick Read at Independent Congregational,Melbourne
son George Withey Read born at Wangaratta and Christened 1852 #25849 at Church of England, St Pauls, Melbourne
Charles THORNTON (widower 1853) married Emma Jane WITHEY (spinster) (both from Benalla) on the 25 Jun 1855 at St. Paul's Melbourne.
Charles Thornton & Jane Glover married on 1848, January 23rd, Liverpool at St Thomas Church Liverpool. They arrived in Melbourne in January 1849. They were reported on the ship's records ("Manchester") to be C of E, born in 1825 and to come from Torton in Lancashire.
Their first child Mary Jane THORNTON Born: 18 Apr 1849 - Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Baptised: 29 Apr 1849 - St James, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Died: 28 Jul 1939 - Mc Kinnon, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. On 31 Dec 1856 ARGUS reported - "Jane Thornton: a woman who looked as if she had once been a respectable woman, and who carried a child in her arms, was charged with vagrancy. She was found lying in a case in a state of great apparent destitution. She said that she had lately come from Castlemaine and was footsore and miserable. The bench promised to give her a letter to the Immigrant's Home Committee."
From a Rootsweb letter - George Read's parents were Samuel READ and Julia ELLIOTT, Samuel's occupation was Life Boatman.
Emma Jane was actually Emma Jane READ the widow of George READ (READY) one of the first teachers at Wangaratta School.
Other researchers suggest George Read later lived at Myrtleford and wed in 1874 to Julia Keyes whose first marriage 1856 was to John Golightly Rodam with a surviving dau Mary 1858, then had a son called James Martin READ 1875 and a daughter called Catherine READ 1877
Source Reed family. Their son George Withey Read 15 Feb 1852 - 5 Nov 1934, wed 9 Apr 1876 to Mary Griffiths 1 Mar 1858 - 30 Nov 1932 daughter of John Griffiths and Elizabeth Mckay at Yackandandah VIC AUS. Mary born 1 Mar 1858 North Melbourne VIC AUS; died 30 Nov 1932 Melbourne VIC AUS; had 18 chn, last was Ivy born 11 Jul 1900 and only 2 died before the next sibling was born. Dau Elizabeth Annie Read 1854 - 1895, wed 1 Aug 1876 to James Stirling 1852 - 1909, and had 6 chn
The Withey family sailed from Plymouth on 21 September 1848, arrived at Port Phillip on 13 January 1849 on the Lysander. Emma Jane was 15 Nursemaid, literate and her sister Sarah was 8,
George WITHEY b. 1807 ----------, d. 1890, Benalla, , Victoria, Australia, wed 7 APR 1833, West Coker, to Eury SLADE b. 1805, d. 21 AUG 1879, (Benalla-Cemetery, , Victoria, Australia.)
|--2-Emma Jane WITHEY b. Abt 1834, Yeovil, , Somerset, England, d. 18 JUL 1910, Albury, , New South Wales, Australia |--2-Sarah Elizabeth WITHEY b. 1841, d. 23 DEC 1909
Sarah Withey wed 1855 to Robert Gown and had 5 chn 1856 - 1865 at Ballarat, Linton
Sarah Withey wed 1858 to Edward Bain and had 11 chn at Benalla whose names include Hugh Slade, Eury Emma,
|--2-George WITHEY b. 1850, d. 1895, Beechworth, , Victoria, Australia
Emma Jane Yelland christened 25 Dec 1828 and died 1915, dau of William Yolland/Yelland and Susan Holman of Oreston, a Quarryman, wed 18 May 1848 to Robert Mitchell at St.Allen Parish Church in the district of Truro, Cornwall and came to Port Phillip on the Lysander. Robert Mitchell christened 4 Aug 1827 died 13 Nov 1907. They had 12 chn first born 15 Feb 1849, Barrabool Hills, Victoria, Australia , d. 28 Aug 1909.

Martin Luther

arrived 3 Jan 1849, barque, 420 tons, Hutton, master, from Greenock, 22ndSeptember. Passengers—Cabin—Miss McColl, Mrs McVitie, Miss Mary Cowin, Miss Johnstone, Messrs Thos. M'Kellar, Archibald Black, David Louson, John James Duncan, Peter Keon, Dr M'Vitie, surgeon. Intermediate—Mr and Mrs Neil Rankin, Mrs Rankin, Senr., Miss Patterson, Mrs Mitchie, Miss Veitch, Mrs Jane Douglas and child, Messrs Robert M'Gowen, George Peak, William Ross, Hugh Campbell. Steerage—Christopher Reynolds, Mrs Plain Aitken and child, John Quigley, Mrs Quigley and child, Samuel Lees, John Lees, John Margaret, Agnes and Jessie Alexander, John Taylor, Kenneth M'Kenzie, Peter M'Ewen, Wm M'Kerchar, David Tulloch, Wm Morton, David Sutherland and family, B H Dodds, Edward Aikman, Duncan M'Lean, John, Agnes, Ronald, and George Rankin, James and Susan Callagher. Agent, Jackson, Rae & Co.
Cleared Port Phillip 11 Apr 1849, Destination: Gravesend 3 Aug 1849

Mary Shepherd

arrived 4 April 1849, barque, 625 tons, J. A. M'Donald, master, from London 19th December, with 253 immigrants. Mr. F. T. W. Ford, Surgeon Superintendent. Recorded in Melbourne newspaper, the Argus, for Friday 6 April 1849, Page 2, top left column has Shipping

From on Sunday, 27 May 2012
Dear Elizabeth
I have just discovered that my great-grandfather Henry Bull was transported to Port Philip Bay, arriving on 4 April 1849 on the 'Mary Shepherd'. He was 17 years old and had been convicted three times previously for larceny and assault (first court appearance at the age of 13!). I have read about the 'Pentonvillians' -- would he count as one of them? Also, he clearly returned to England, which greatly surprised me: I thought once transported you stayed in Australia? I also note that the 'Mary Shepherd' does not appear as a ship bringing convicts to Port Philip either in your list or in that of the 'Convict Central' website.
I should be most grateful for any advice you can offer me. I'm in the UK, by the way, but have relatives living in Melbourne, who woke up this morning to find they weren't the first members of the family to live there!
Yours sincerely, Frances Hurd
Two references concerning this vessel - Donna Farmer's family James Swinbourn and Elizabeth Farmar who came on the Mary Shepherd
The passenger list made by the Sydney-based officials in charge of the Bounty claim for their passage has details of the 46 single men and 31 single women being not members of the 42 families, and widow Susannah Kearley aged 63, from Huntingdonshire, a Housekeeper, able to read and write, and of the Church of England.

New Liverpool

barque, 728 tons, Thomas Rolls Commander, from Plymouth 25 April with 11 male immigrants and 211 orphan girls. J Mathews Surgeon-Superintendent. One death took place during the voyage, of the cook of the vessel. Arrival is noted in The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 10 August 1849, Page 2, top of left side of Page 2.
August 9.- New Liverpool, barque, 723 tons, Thomas Holls, commander, from Plymouth 25th April. Passengers-Mr. Wilkinson, T. B. Matthews, Esq, Surgeon Superintendent, and 230 immigrants. Thos. Splatt, agent.
The New Liverpool brings out 230 immigrants, their classification is as follows:- 9 married couples, 211 female orphans, and 1 single male all above 14 years of age; the only death we have to record is that of the ship's cook. The New Liverpool spoke no vessel connected with the colony, but reports that a large ship about 1100 tons, belonging to Fielding, Brothers, & Co., of Liverpool, may be expected here in about a week.
IMPORTS.August 9.- New Liverpool, barque, from Plymouth 6C chests juice, 8 barrels soda, 1 barrel tartaric acid, 6 barrels ginger, 2 crates washing powder, 1 case isinglass, 17 tierces rice, 10 carro- teéis currants. 3 bales blankets, 6 tierces Bath bricks, 360 deals, 3 barrels saltpetre, 9 casks loaf sugar, 791 bars iron, 125 bundles iron, 510 sucks salt, 2 millstones, Heape & Grice; 3 pkts of merchandise, Jackson, Rae, & Co. ; 1 hogs- head port wine, 3 cases drilIs, Henry N. Smith ; 1 case boots and shoes, James Cusbert; 53 boxes slates, Thomas Splatt,

The NSW Passenger list here only shows the people covered by the scheme for Orphan females, plus 9 married couples without children, two widows - Catherine Grainger aged 31 with John aged 5 and Anna Maria aged 3, Mary Ann Murray aged 39 with Eliza aged 20 and Caroline aged 15, Single Females - Susan Burton teacher aged 33, Catherine Coming teacher aged 24, Eliza Quinn, needlewoman aged 30, and Jane Smirl with David Smirl both aged 20, and 201 orphan females aged between 14 and 19, from Ireland. There are 8 extra females listed in Victorian records.
See New Liverpool orphans employed, and the site Famine Orphan listing all the females involved.

From on Wed, 20 Feb 2013
Hi Elizabeth,
Catherine Coogan was born c1832 in Deansforth, now called Danesfort, (10km from Callan) Kilkenny County, Ireland to Patrick and Anne Coogan and she was baptised into the RC faith, 05 May 1832.
Catherine Coogan, supposedly an orphan aged 17, arrived 09 Aug 1849 in Melbourne on the ship New Liverpool together with another 210 female Irish orphans. Ref. Argus 10 Aug 1849.
Catherine was employed by Brian Gleeson, Little Lonsdale St, Melbourne at £8 for 6 months.
12 Feb 1850/814 & 1850/40827. Catherine at age 17, married Michael (Edward) Fitzgerald, aged about 41, of the Grange at St Francis RC church Melbourne. Catherine signed with a mark.
Bryan Gleeson was a signatory, and also signed with a mark.


From Rootsweb letter by Bill Fleming "The Pemberton left Plymouth on 29/1/1849 and arrived Melbourne 14/5/1849, later sailing with 37 girls on to Portland, arriving on 26/5/1849. Governor La Trobe built a new Orphan Barracks in Collins Street in April 1849, just in time for the arrival of the Pemberton, an orphan ship of 1250 tons, after a 113 day voyage. This vessel brought the largest consignment yet, 305 female orphans, who were well looked after by the ship's surgeon Dr John Sullivan during the voyage. The large ship was described as 'remarkably high and roomy between decks', enabling it to be kept in 'a superior state of cleanliness'. The main noteworthy incident of the voyage was when Captain John H. Richardson disrated the second mate for using obscene language in front of the girls, and sent him to dwell with ordinary seamen before the mast.
For individual girls http://www.irishfaminememorial.org/orphans/database/?surName=&firstName=&age=0&nativePlace=&parents=&religion=0&ship=10 example
Surname : Birmingham, First Name : Mary, Age on arrival : 15, Native Place : Rosscrea [Roscrea], Tipperary. Parents : Not recorded,
Religion : Roman Catholic, Ship name : Pemberton (Melbourne 1849), Other : Empl. Mr Skellett, Collins St., £8, 6 mths.
From my Fothergill family notes,
Maria Birmingham 1839 - 1918 dau of Thomas Birmingham and Margaret Keating, wed at St Peters Church of England, Melbourne, in 1852 #29432 to Thomas Turner Fothergill 1823 - 1905 son of Thomas Turner Fothergill and Isabella Halliday, and had 10 chn, lived in Melbourne, Taradale, Ballarat


arrived 15 Feb 1849 at Port Phillip, ship, 550 tons, J. Dodds, Commander, from London 10th October and Plymouth 19th October, with 235 Emigrants, — Bourne, Surgeon Superintenden.
Vic list, has 236 names, NSW list in families, is online here - Came with 170 in 32 families, on 7 pages - 27, 26, 28, 29, 29, 28 and 3 names, family38 - Joseph Trevena wife died, 12 couples; 44 men, 43 wives, 83 chn, one widower, and 19 single women and 45 single men, not being members of Families
Arrivals in 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1847, 1848, here
Home, Notes on events

Elizabeth Janson's web contributions
began 1st Nov, 1998
This page began on 16 July 2007
Updated 30 Aug 2012 - revised to the end of 1844
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