Passenger lists - NSW lists as families or singles, Victoria has age of individual, or C=child, A=Adult.|
Some are not on both lists, people slip between the lists - Vic includes crew and maybe the paying passengers.
I indicate if I have viewed the fiche containing photographed images of the Returns of Passengers. This is sometimes difficult, maybe impossible (lovely word - 'illegible') and frustrating when people are so important they are listed as Mr and Lady, when I want the forenames.
No. 1. Assisted Emigration. August 1848. |
Government Emigration Office, 9, Park-street, Westminster, August 1848.
Regulations to be observed in the Selection of Labourers for an Assisted Passage to New South Wales (including both the Sydney and Port Phillip Districts), and South Australia ; and also the Conditions on which the Passage, when granted, must be understood to be accepted.
1. The emigrants must be healthy and able-bodied, capable of field labour, and of the labouring class, and must be going out to work for wages in the colony.
2. Decisive certificates will be required as to moral character.
3. The following payments, in addition to the deposits mentioned in Article 4, will be required from persons receiving assistance to emigrate under the present rules :
From adults, i.e., from persons above 14 years of age—
From 14 to 40 years of age, 5
40 to 50 „ - - - 7
50 to 60 „ 9
60 and upwards - - - - 14
From children, i. e., from persons under 14 years of age :
The children of persons assisted to emigrate on the above terms will be conveyed free, unless the family contains more than two children under seven years of age, or than three under 14;
ll/. will be required for each child in excess of these numbers.
4. In addition to the sum payable under the preceding Article, a deposit of 11/. must be paid for every person above 14, and 10s. for every child above one and under 14, which will be retained to meet the expense of bedding' and mess utensils supplied by the Commissioners, and as some security that the people will come forward to embark.
5. If any emigrants fail to attend at the appointed time and place for embarkation, they will never again be allowed a passage, and will forfeit their deposit, unless they give to the Commissioners timely notice and a satisfactory reason of their inability to proceed.
Form of Application,
G. All applications must be made in the form annexed, which must be duly filled up and attested, as explained in the form itself, and then transmitted to this office, with baptismal and marriage certificates.
7. Should it be found that the signatures attached to the certificates are not genuine, or that any other deception is attempted, the application will be rejected ; or should any emigrant, on personal examination at the port of embarkation, be discovered to have made any mis-statement whatever with regard to age, calling, &c., or not to correspond with the certificate of the surgeon as to health and physical ability, such person will not be allowed to proceed in the ship.
593. K 2 Subsequent
NEW SOUTH WALES.
8. The Commissioners do not pledge themselves to accept applicants whom they may consider as ineligible emigrants, or to accept a greater number than can be despatched with advantage to the colony. If approved, the emigrants will be so informed, and will receive a passage as soon as the arrangements of the Commissioners will admit.
9. Until called on to pay the deposit mentioned in Article 4, applicants must, on no account, withdraw from employment, or make any preparation for departure. Those who fail to attend to this warning will do so at their own risk, and will have no claim whatever on the Commissioners. Due notice will be given to accepted candidates of the ship in which they are to proceed, and of the time and place for joining her.
10. Provisions, medical attendance and cooking utensils will be provided by the Commissioners ; also new mattresses, bolsters, blankets and counterpanes, canvas bags to contain linen, See., knives and forks, spoons, metal plates and drinking mugs, which articles may be kept by the emigrants after arrival in the colony, provided they behave well on the voyage.
11. The expense of reaching the port of embarkation must be paid by the emigrants.
12. The emigrants must bring their own clothing, which will be inspected at the port by an officer of the Commissioners; and all parties are particularly desired to observe that they will not be allowed to embark unless they provide themselves with a sufficient supply for their health during the voyage. The lowest quantity that can be admitted for each person is as follows :
For males—Six shirts, Six pairs stockings. Two ditto shoes. Two complete suits of exterior clothing.
For females—Six shifts. Two flannel petticoats. Six pairs stockings. Two ditto shoes. Two gowns.
They must also bring their own sheets and towels, and a supply of soap. As a general rule, it may be stated, that the more abundant the stock of clothing, the better for health and comfort during the passage. The usual length of the voyage to the Australian colonies is about four months, and at whatever season of the year it may be made, the emigrants have to pass through very hot and very cold weather, and should therefore be prepared for both.
13. It is desirable that emigrants should take out with them the necessary tools of their trades, if they have them; bulky agricultural implements, however, cannot be admitted, on account of their inconvenient size and weight; neither can furniture be received on board; mattresses especially, and feather beds are strictly prohibited.
14. The whole quantity of baggage for each adult emigrant must not measure more than 20 cubic or solid feet, nor exceed half a ton weight. It must be divided into two or three boxes, the conten*« of which must be closely packed, so as to save space in the ship. Large packages and extra baggage will not be taken unless paid for, and then only in case there be room in the ship.
15. Only the luggage really belonging to each family of passengers can be taken. If any one should attempt to impose on the Commissioners by letting the baggage of other persons, not members of his family, go under his name, he will forfeit his passage, and not be suffered to proceed.
16. On arrival in the colony, the emigrants will be at perfect liberty to engage themselves to any one willing to employ them, and to make their own bargain for wages. No repayment in service or otherwise is required from them of the sum advanced towards their passage out of the public funds. The only return expected by Government is a strict observance on board of the regulations, framed with a view to their health and comfort during the voyage, and general good conduct and industrious habits in the colony.
By order of the Board,
(signed) Stephen Walcolt, Secretary.
Adelaidearrived 22 June 1848, ship 539 tons, from England 13 March 1848 Captain Stephen Wharton, Surgeon Superintendednt James Barlas [asisted emigrant passengers]
Brought 268 immigrants, being 177 English, with some Irish and Scots. Six babies were born and only 5 deaths.
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 79 begins a chapter on the Adelaide, including a description of the voyage.
Mary Dascombe 28 came from Bath to join her brother, John Dascombe of Flinders ST, Melbourne
James Hickey 26, paid the passage of 5/17/0 for his child, who was not eligible for Bounty payment. He went to work for George Winter
James Hilliard 23 born at South Petherton
Thomas Cogan Norman 20, was born at Broomfield
Henry Revel 27 from Somerset, Ellen 37 was born in Totnes in Devon. During the voyage Henry assisted the surgeon, as Schoolmaster, and managed the Lending Library.
Henry Woodroffe 20. from Bristol, went to work for Joseph Griffin of Fyans St, South Geelong
AndromacheArrived 11 Nov 1848, Captain Michael Passmore master, began on 8 July when towed down the Thames, then sailed to Plymouth to continue the 120 day voyage to Port Phillip [assisted emigrant passengers]. Surgeon Superintendent James McKechnie.
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 100 begins a chapter on the Andromache, including a description of the voyage.
Andromache was also in Port Phillip in 1841, and had total repairs 1845, also in early 1848.
Passengers included 2 families each with 6 children who were slow to obtain employment. One couple was said to be lacemakers from France, compelled to flee their homeland during the Revolution of Feb 1848.
Surgeon appointed Susan Knighton as Matron for the single girls, there were 3 births at sea, and only 3 deaths, and medical comforts ran short before reaching the Colony.
Robert Bartlett 20, baptised 21 Jun 1829 son of Edith and Edward Bartlett of Haselbury Plunknett. On arrival he went to work for Mrs Ann Wilson of Geelong, and in 1849 wed Charlotte Collard, see below.
William Betts 22, later wed Elizabeth Butcher who arrived earlier on the Blonde
Charlotte Collard 20, baptised 30 May 1830 dau of Isabella and Thomas Collard of Haselbury Plunknett, wed Robert Bartlett
Richard Jenkins 43, butcher, with Jane 44, William 21, Elizabeth 19, Thomas 16, George 13, Jane 11, Emma 8 and Charles 3 sent by the Yatton Poor Law Commissioners, who paid the parents fares. Richard was baptised 15 July 1804 at Yatton and wed 31 May 1824 to Jane Kidner at Bristol. POn arrival Richard later set up as a butcher in Drysdale.
Richard Kemp 42, Elizabeth 44, with Fanny 25, Louisa 23, James 19, Marian 18, Lucy 14, Elizabeth 13, Richard 11 came from Bath. Son William later emigrated but died 1865 aged 38.
William Salls 20 of Haselbury Plunknett.
Anna MariaOn 23 June 1848 George Unwin arrived at Geelong, Victoria on board the "Anna Maria" as an Exile, the Master of the "Anna Maria" was Edward Smith. George Unwin was born 17 February 1811 in Shifnal, Shropshire, England. He was the son of Edward Unwin Excise Officer born 1776 and Ann Jebb born 1779 Lilleshall, Shropshire, they were married in 1801 Lilleshall, Shropshire. On 29 June 1846 at Stafford Sessions, George Unwin was sentenced to 7 years for embezzlement, George could both read and write and his occupation was listed as Warehouseman / Shoemaker. He was married. He began serving his sentence at Millbank Prison.
Auroraarrived 7 Dec 1848, ship from England to Port Phillip [assisted emigrant passengers] Captain Valentine Ryan master, Surgeon Superintendednt Dr Robert Smith Jeffs.
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 103 begins a chapter on the China, including a description of the voyage.
The 203 immigrants had been carefully selected. One family, embarking at London, was put off the vessel at Plymouth when the wife was found to be sugffering from Sow fever (Brucellosis) , hard to diagnose in the early stages. During the voyage more were found to be also suffering, after the characteristic fever, headaches and muscle pain developed. A month out of Plymouth a whooping cough epidemic caused much distress, and also several cases of typhoid occurred.
Henry Dowling, 22 born in Woodford, and Ann 22 born in Kewstoke, went ashore at Geelong. In Sep 1859 Henry was working an 140 ft shaft of Navy Jack's Lead mine when a fall of earth fractured both his legs. He was brought from underground by his three work mates, Ratt, Patrick Downey and Henry Miller, in a canvas bucket, and taken by horse and cart to Ballarat Hospital, but he died next day.
John Ferris 30 born in Bath, joined his mother Esther, who had gone to work for Job Godber after her arrival in August.
henry Jones 16, from Uphill, went to work for Adolphus Goldsmith who held the lease for Trawalla station
John Langford 36 from East Chinnock, left the ship to work for George Nairne Aitcheson and his brother David Aitcheson, leasing Kuruck Kuruck station.
William Pearce 26, son of Martha and John Pearce of Wraxall baptised 22 Sep 1822, and his wife Selina. Their 18 month old dau Catherine died 9 Oct of whooping cough, only a month after the birth 13 Sept of baby sister.
Berkshirearrived 3 Oct 1848 at Geelong, Captain John White master, ship, 500/582 tons from England 9 June 1848 to Port Phillip, Cabin passengers Mr Merry, Religious Instructor, Mrs Merry, Miss Affleck, Mrs Whyte, Surgeon Superintendent Samuel B Shaw - reported in The Argus, 6 Oct 1848. There were 2 deaths (1 adult male, 1 girl aged under 7) and 3m and 3f births, with 225 immigrants all from the southern counties of England. The Acting Immigration Agent at Port Phillip reports as follows : " The immigrants enjoyed good health during the entire of the voyage, and arrived here in excellent health and spirit. " They are represented as having been cleanly and orderly since their embarkation, and were perfectly satisfied with the treatment they experienced during the voyage, from the Surgeon-superintendent, the master, and other officers of the ship. " On the whole, the people have arrived in a very comfortable manner, and appear to be of that description suitable to the requirements of the colony. " The ' Berkshire' is admirably calculated for the comfortable conveyance of large bodies of passengers, being rcomy and lofty between decks; and it would appear th;tt cleanliness and order have befii the order of the day. " The provisions and water were of first-rate quality." Innnigration Office, Sydney, 29 January 1849.
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 93 begins a chapter on the Berkshire, including a description of the voyage.
John Bucknell 29 from Williton, Marian 35 from Winshaw, Henry 8
John Collins 33 from Marston Magna, wed Edith Cox 27 before embarking. Their dau Sarah was born at sea and she had 4 bro before the birth of sister Ann.
Ann Hawkins 19 from Bradford
George Young Hunt 24 and Maria 23. George was employed as Schoolmaster during the voyage, and on arrival was employed by Dr Thomson
John Hunt 44 and Harriet Young came from Yatton, with Charlotte 21 and Thomas 18. John was employed as Hospital Assistant during the voyage,
John Jones 21 went to work for partners Ebenezer Oliphant and Adam Swanston Robertson.
Blondearrived 15 Oct 1848, Captain Mark Todd master, 610 ton barque from Plymouth 20 June 1848 to Port Phillip several Cabin passengers and 241 assisted emigrant passengers with 2 births and 2 deaths, 117 day journey, surgeon Dr John West Miller, Matron appointed by Immigration Commissioners, Mrs Mary A Campbell of Couny Down, widow and seamstress was careless of her duties and officials refused to pay her gratuity
See Blonde passenger list as recorded by NSW officials and put online by NSW Archive records.
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 95 begins a chapter on the Blonde, including a description of the voyage.
Elizabeth Abbott 18, from Coker, went to work for Charles Hudson of Melbourne
Daniel Butcher 38, Sarah 37, Elizabeth 17, Alfred 15, Walter 13, Martha 11, Murdock/Meseck 3, from Hazelbury Plunkett
William Alfred Green 24, and wife Mary Gale 24. During the voyage William was employed as Constable, and on arrival, left at his own recourse.
Eliza Gillingham from Hazelbury Plunkett, wed 1850 to John Nichols
Sarah Lacey 21, went to work for Christopher Norris of Melbourne
William Morey 43, Alice 42, Alice 11, Charles Langdon 9. William son of Julia and William Morey, was a widower when he wed 12 May 1835 to Alice Langdon, dau of Richard Purchase from Hazelbury Plunkett. The family moved to Benalla.
Richard Standfield 31, Jane 25, Thomas 5, Mary 4 from Hazelbury Plunkett, Jane was dau of Jane Hales and Peter Harding.
Blonde cleared out 9 Nov 1848, barque, 672 tons, Todd, master, for Sydney; Passenger—Dr Shaw.
Cheapsidearrived 18 Aug 1848, Captain David Lewis master, 621 tons ship from London and Plymouth, England to Port Phillip in only 88 days, with no cabin passengers, 242 emigrants, being 198 people in 53 families, plus 14 single females and 27 single men, not being members of families,. Surgeon Superintendent George Mottle had 5 deaths, which included 2 of the 4 infants born on board,
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 91 begins a chapter on the Cheapside, including a description of the voyage.
Edwin F Custin 20 and Mary Ann 22 both from Bath - names in Vic bmd records as Curtin
Francis Emery 22, Fanny 21 from Timsbury - Francis baptised 16 July 1826 son of Ann and George Emery wed 11 May 1848 to Fanny Hancock, a week before sailing. Had at least 7 chn, 2 died as infants
Eliza Hillman baptised 25 Dec 1828 and Robert Hillman baptised with 2 siblings Henry and Temperance on 1 Aug 1834 are chn of Flora Hares wed Aug 1826 to Robert Hillman at Banwell. Eliza wed 1852 to George Winter, and Robert wed 1854 to Sarah Barnes from Liverpool.
Colonistarrived 18 Nov 1848, barque, 261 tons, J. Marshall, master, from Liverpool 24th June.— Passengers—cabin—Mrs Marshall, Miss Lee, Mrs Scott and child, Mr Glover; steerage—Mr Koch, wife and daughter, J Owens, G Owens, H Swallow, Wm Dodd, Hy Harris, —Trevitt, Mr Hall, wife and five children, Messrs Mulvey, Howard, Thompson, Fegan, Beamish, and Mrs M'Mahon and son. Dunlop, Macnab and Co, agents.
Cornwallarrived 11 Aug 1848, Captain James Couch master with a crew of 50 seamen, 872 ton ship from Plymouth England on 28 Apr 1848 to Port Phillip. Surgeon Superintendent Dr Baker had 2m and 2 f births and only 2 infant male deaths, one being newborn among the 278 assisted emigrant passengers.
Numbers from Official Report - Adults 134 males and 107 females, children aged 7 to 14 - 17 m and 16 f, Chn under 7, 22 m plus 2 born, 31 f plus 2 born, totals landed 175 males and 156 females. Being 184 labourers excluding married females, 103 Ag Labs, 6 shepherds, 15 mechanics, 10 tradesmen, 50 female domestic servants. The Acting Immigration Agent at Port Phillip reports as follows:— " The people by the ' Cornwall' had excellent health during the entire of the voyage, nothing in the form of an endemic disease having occurred on the passage, and they have arrived here in good health and high-spirits, anticipating, as they do, happiness, comfort and abundance of the necessaries of -life in their adopted country. "The 'Cornwall' being a vessel of nearly goo tons burthen, high and roomy between decks, appeared every way well calculated for the conveyance of Immigrants. " The Surgeon Superintendent, although a young and inexperienced gentleman, appears to have been very attentive in the performance of his duties. The master and other officers of the ship appear to have been kind, humane and attentive to the passengers, who, in their turu, speak in high terms of commendation of the treatment they experienced on board during the voyage, at the hands of the Surgeon Superintendent and officers of the ship. The provisions, as is usual on board of every ship bringing immigrants to this colony under the present system, were of first-rate quality and in due quantity. There having been no cause of complaint, consequently no complaint was made on the subject of their treatment by any individual on board. The Immigrants in question appear to be composed of very respectable individuals, have all the external appearance of people accustomed to earn their bread by industry, and no doubt will be a desirable accession to the community at large." A charge'affecting the conduct of the mate of the ship, with reference to certain of the single females, was inquired into by the Board at Melbourne, but reported to have been unfounded. The Superintendent of Port Phillip has since represented to the Colonial Secretary that circumstances brought within his knowledge prove that, "without doubt, the accusation was not devoid of foundation," and that " a certain degree of immorality must have prevailed on board the vessel." Immigration Office, Sydney, 29 January 1849. Francis L. S. Merenetker,
William Standring, a young blacksmith from Yorkshire complained that some female immigrants were allowed to sit in the cooler area of the upper deck. Case dismissed, as his witnesses contradicted him.
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 88 begins a chapter on the Cornwall, including a description of the voyage.
William Ball 24, from Banwell went to work for Mr Bene of Melbourne
Henry Bindon 20 from Barnwell went to work at the Crown Hotel, Melbourne
Elias Cannon 21 and Mary Ann 22 both from Babcary
John Cullis 41 from Bristol with Elizabeth 39, from Whitehale, with Selina 20, Margaret/Mary Ann 18, John 17, Fenella 15, Elizabeth 13, Mordecai 10, Matilda 8 and Lydia 7
William Delay 18 from Weston-super-Mare, died in the Government depot on 22 Oct
Esther Ferres, nee Chancellor, 64 a widow from Stanton-Drew, paid 13/9/6 for her passage, came with other relatives, and went to work for Job Godber, a carpenter of Collingwood.
George Gale 37 , Eliza 37, George 14 baptised 30 Mar 1834, William 12 baptised 11 Oct 1836 and James 9 all from Wayford
William Stenner 47, Elizabeth 44, John 22, Elizabeth 20, Martha 18, Mary 12, Kate 4. William son of Ann and John Stenner from Minehead, wed Oct 1823 to Elizabeth Tame at Newington. Dau Elizabeth wed John Randle, a fellow passenger of the Cornwall.
William Sydenham 43, Elizabeth 42, Mary Anne 21, Elizabeth 19, Hannah Maria 15, Selina 13, William 11, Samuel 8 John Robert 5 and Lydia 3. William born 1798 in Tiverton and baptised in Puddington 1801, 3rd son of widower Samuel Sydenham wed 1798 to widow Mary Gill, wed 16 Apr 1827 to Elizabeth Woolacott, dau of Elizabeth Phillips and Robert Woolacott.
The Sydenham family, William, wife Elizabeth, their children, Elizabeth, Hannah Maria, Selina, William, Samuel, John Robert and Lydia, arrived on the barque "Cornwall" as bounty emigrants from Bristol. The ship docked at Williamstown, Port Phillip Bay on the 11th August 1848. Upon arrival, William and Elizabeth, Mary, Hannah Maria, William, Samuel, John Robert and Lydia, went to stay with friends in Melbourne. They lived at Richmond where Hannah died in 1850. Nineteen year old daughter Elizabeth, a nursemaid, went to work for Mrs. Carson at a wage of 18 pounds per annum, with rations, and thirteen year old Selena went to work for a Mr. Carter at a wage of 2/6 per week with rations. Selina married George McLeod, a miner, at Kyneton in 1852 and died at Footscray in 1919. William Sydenham Snr. was farming at McCallum's Creek, Majorca, when he died in 1864 and Elizabeth died in 1877 at John Bull Creek, St.Arnaud. Children 1. Mary Anne Sydenham wed Nobbs, 2. Elizabeth Sydenham wed Fields, 3. Hannah Maria Sydenham 4. Selina Sydenham wed Mcleod, 5 William Sydenham, 6. Samuel Sydenham, 7. John Robert Sydenham, 8. Lydia Sydenham wed Custance
Glen Huntleyarrived 27 Sep 1848, ship, 505 tons, Barr, master, from Glasgow. Passengers - Mr R P Cunningham, Mrs J Cunningham, Misses Eliza, Jane, and Helen Cunningham, Mr Thos Cunningham, Mr J Gordon, Misses Jane and Ellen Simpson, Margaret Hill, Eliza Murray, Jane Pearce, Messrs T Lockhart, and J D Smith ; intermediate - Messrs McEachron and Wright ; steerage - Mr J Annand, Mrs Eliza Annand, Eliza, Ann, John, James and Alexander Annand, Wm Young, Margaret Craig, Jane Murray, Peter MacPhee, Mary and Elizabeth MacPhee, Robt and Jane Hay, R Buchannan, J D Atkinson, A Young, J Young, H McMichael, Mrs Eliza beth McMichael, Mary, David, Margaret Robert, Eliza and John McMichael, John Faulds, Mary King, J and T Penney, and A Clelland ; for Sydney - John and Mary Connor. Jackson, Rae and Co, agents.
Glen Huntleycleared out 7 Oct 1848, barque, 505 tons Robert Barr, commander, for Sydney. Passengers - cabin- Mr S Simson, Miss Ellen Simson, James Hunter; steerage - John Connor, Jane Connor.
Lady Kennawayarrived 6 Dec 1848, 585 ton ship Santry, master, from Plymouth 12th September, to Port Phillip [assisted emigrant passengers] with 191 girls
Passengers,—cabin—Dr. Brock, Surgeon-Superintendent Intermediate,—Mr. and Mrs. Langlands, and family, Mr. Palmer, Mr. M'Kenzie, Mr. Lithman.
'Perilous Voyages to the New Land' by Michael Cannon, page 139-140 reports the arrival of 191 girls from the poor-house unions of Ireland, most were illiterate although they had been given a prayer book and a testament. Experienced naval surgeon Dr Henry G Brock and 48 year old English matron, Christine Ensor were appointed by the British Emigration Commission to supervise the voyage. The girls are described as 'generally of a stout make, rather low in stature and endowed with strongly marked Irish features', anxious to please their employers and would keep in the paths of virtue.
Comment in Argus, Fri 8 Dec 1848 - The Lady Kennaway, Captain Santray, from Plymouth, 12th September, arrived on Wednes- day evening, having made the voyage in the un- precedentedly short period of 85 days. The Lady Kennaway brings the first full shipment of Irish female orphans which has reached Port Phillip, for the protection and guardianship of whom a Board was recently announced in our columns as having been appointed by tbe Governor. There are 216 immigrants on board, all of whom but seven families, are orphans. The Weekly Despatch of 9th September, speaking of the Lady Kenna- way, which by the way is the ship that was abandoned by her crew, and subsequently found and brought into port, says:—"This is the third batch of Irish orphan girls (each batch contain- ing about 200,) who have been sent out this year to different Australian colonies. The first batch went in May to Sydney, the second in July to Port Adelaide, and this is going to Port Phillip. These orphan girls are selected for their good con- duct from the Irish unions. Their ages average from 14 to 18 or 19, and they are sent to Plymouth in one of the Irish steam-boats under the charge of some of the guardians, to be embarked in the emigrant ship, which has been selected by the Colonial Land Emigration Commissioners, for that purpose. Previous to their embarkation they are kept in the port two or three days, when they are examined, inspected, and every care and attention paid to them. There is an experienced head matron, and three assistants appointed to superintend, instruct, and watch over them on the voyage to Port Phillip, where they will be received and lodged, and we trust rigidly protected by the government authorities until they can be placed out in different situations. We understand that a number of benevolent ladies at Port Adelaide, have volunteered their services to assist the single women who land in the colony. For the sake of these motherless girls, we hope there is a similar institution at Port Phillip. The great majority of these orphans are Roman Catholics. Above 150 attended divine service at the chapel last Sunday, and those who saw them were struck with their healthy, respectable appearance. They have our best wishes that their lot in the land which is to be their future home and country will be a happy one." The immigrants appear to be well pleased with the treatment they have received on the voyage, and speak in high terms of the Captain and Surgeon Superintendent.
Lady Peelarrived 16 Feb 1848, Captain Robert Lawrence Fraser Master, Surgeon Superintendent William James Dease, 600 ton barque from England to Port Phillip [assisted emigrant passengers] taking 99 days for the voyage.
Landed 210 emigrants, with 5 deaths at Sea and one birth 2 days after arrival.
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 76 begins a chapter on the Lady Peel, including a description of the voyage.
Lochnagararrived 24 Oct 1848, barque, 380 tons' Dalgarno, commander, from London 8th July.— Passengers—Rev Mr Richardson, Mrs Richardson and 3 children, Miss Richardson, two Misses Liardet, Dalgarno, Miss Kemp, Mr and Mrs T B Darling, Mr M J Power, Mr Davidson, Dr Miller; steerage— Messrs Horatio Beauchamp, Arthur Beauchamp, James Watson, George Wat- son, Alexander, Ann, John, and Edward M'Kenzie, William Mitchell, John, Mary and John Roycroft, Mary Donohoe, Frederick Clark, Thomas Wood, Thomas and Martha Ware, James Stevenson, Henry Foot, Robert Corner, Henry Hemming, John Nichol, George Watts, Charlotte and George Watts, and D M'Callum.
Mahomed Shaharrived 5 Jul 1848, 615 ton ship from Plymouth England on 29 Mar 1848 to Port Phillip [assisted emigrant passengers] [Jul 5] 1848 brought 58 single females, Master Hugh Macmeikan, Dr Thomas Lumsdaine and matron Mrs Jane Stoker, 98 day voyage, 1 woman and 4 chn died, including a premature baby.
Total of 211 emigrants arrived, 9 infants survived their births during the voyage.
'Perilous Voyages to the New Land' by Michael Cannon, page 133-4 records the Bounty women were 58 adult women from workhouses all over Britain, and 12 orphan girls aged between 14 and 21 from Cork Foundling Hospital, where they had been recovering from complete destitution and starvation. Despite the best efforts of Surgeon Dr Thomas Lumsdaine and the matron Mrs Jane Stoker, one woman and 4 children died during the 98 day voyage.
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 82 begins a chapter on the Mahomed Shah, including a description of the voyage.
William Gaylard 22 with Susan 22 from Stoke-sub-Hamdon
Catherine Ledge 22
Alfred Morton 23 and George Morton 21 from Stokescroft, Bristol
Sylvester Palmer 30 with 26 Ann
Charles Prigg 27 with Anne 27, Sarah 7, Eliza 4
Marionarrived 25 Jan 1848 left England 17 Sep 1847 Port Phillip [125 exiles]
Melbournearrived 25 Sep 1848, ship, 495 tons, Captain Freyer, from London, 5th June. Passengers (cabin) - Mr and Mrs Splatt, Miss Bugley, Mrs. Collier, Messrs J G and R Gifford and Mr Charles Heape ; (intermediate) - Messrs Sabine (2), Cowie and Muirhead ; (steerage) Messrs Jackson, and Burns, and Margaret Stevens and Elizabeth McVey. Jackson, Rae and Co., agents.
Melbourne cleared out 31 Oct 1848, ship, 496 tons, F. Freyer, master, for Geelong, Jackson, Rae, and Co., agents.—27 casks soda, 100 casks resin, part of original cargo from London. Shipped at Melbourne—62 bales wool, Order.
Nelsonarrived 31 July 1848, Captain William Harrison Lamond master, ship from England to Port Phillip Surgeon Superintendent Dr Denniston for 250 Bounty immigrants [assisted emigrant passengers]
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 102 begins a chapter on the Nelson, including a description of the voyage.
Edith Gillard 19, born 19 Nov 1829 to Thomazin and Simeon Gillard of Lopen, found work with James Westwood of Bourke St, Melbourne. Wed 1849 to Nathanial Eason, son Samuel 1861
William Martin 25, born 1822 in South Petherton, wed Elizabeth Hunt aged 24 when came and employed by James Simpson of Yarra Grange. He then developed a carrying business, selling wood and coal.
John Parker 32, tailor, baptised 19 July 1615 son of Lydia and Thomas Parker of South Petherton, wed 25 Apr 1836 to Jane Vile, came with Mary Jane aged 10 and Emma 4, and born in Collingwood were Eliza 1854 and Thomas 1856
John Porter 19 also came from South Petherton
Alfred Warr 21 born 3 Jan 1828 and baptised 3 Feb 1828 son of Esther and William Warr, came with Ellen aged 22
Anne Wetherall 30, baptised 1817 at Hinton St George, dau of Ann and John Wetherall, was employed by Edward Curr of St Heliers at Yarra Yarra and later wed Joseph Tough.
James Wines 38, Ann 35, with William 13, Mary A 5. also from South Petherton where the family was recorded in 1641.
Nelsonarrived 11 Nov 1848, barque, 603 tons, Wm. H. Lemmond, master, from London 18th July, and Plymouth 31st. One cabin passenger Mr. Torrens, Mr. Penniston, Surgeon Superintendent, and 250 bounty emigrants, Jackson, Rlae, and Co.,agents.
Comment - The Nelson, from Plymouth, arrived in the bay this morning, she left London on the 18th, and Plymouth on the 31st July, and brings 250 immigrants, the principal of whom are English. During the voyage there occurred six deaths and four births. The Captain having accidentally omitted to bring on shore with him, the manifest of the cargo, we were unable to procure a copy of it for our present issue.
Palmyraarrived 19 July 1848, Captain John Robertson master, 602 tons, barque from Plymouth on 14 Apr 1848, to Port Phillip. Surgeon Superintendent Alex Russell and 208 adult assisted emigrant passengers, 2 male and 3 female babies were born, and only 4 deaths, 1 adult and 3 chn.
Landed 88 male and 84 female adults, Chn aged 7 to 14 - 19 male and 16 female, Chn under 7, 23 male and 21 female, totals landed in the colony 131 males and 122 females.
All 131 adult labourers were employed at the place of landing. Females 42 domestic servants, 1 dressmaker, men 62 Ag Labs, 7 shepherds, 1 General servant, 6 builders, 3 cooks, 2 tailors, 7 other trades
See Notes on Palmyra and Passengers list for Bounty payment.
The Acting Agent for Immigration at Port Phillip report, as follows : "The passengers enjoyed good health during the entire voyage. They are represented as having been orderly, cleanly and obedient to the regulations established on board for the well-being of all; and it would appear that the master and the subordinate officers of the ship co-operated cordially with the surgeon in the maintenance of order aiid discipline, so that harmony and good-will seemed to be the presiding genius. " On the whole, a more desirable class of immigrants could not be wished for. "The 'Palmyra' was sufficiently well calculated for the conveyance of large bodies of people ; high and roomy between decks. " The provisions must have been of good quality, as evinced in the ruddy, healthy faces of the immigrants, who did not make any complaints of the treatment they experienced during the voyage; but, on the contrary, expressed their unqualified thankfulness to all the officers for their kindness." Immigration Office, Sydney, 29 January 1849
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 84 begins a chapter on the Palmyra, including a description of the voyage.
James Andrews 40, Mary Ann 42, Elizabeth 18, Anne 17, James 13, Emma 12, Richard 11, Esther 9 and William 7. James wed Dec 1827 to Mary Anne Simes in Bristol.
Samuel Ash baptised 2 Nov 1828, son of Sarah and William Ash of Seavington St Michael
Elizabeth Bailey 22, baptised as Betsey on 24 Sep 1826, dau of Ann and Robert Bailey of Bleadon.
james Bailey 20, brother of Elizabeth, baptised 20 Sep 1829
George Bennett 40, Anne 37 were from Worle
Charles Boon 36, Honora 40, Charles 15, Caroline 10, john 8, Octavius 3, Elvina 6months. Charles Boon wed 1833 to Harriett Hill. On arrival the family had to stay in the Depot as Mrs Boon was ill, and young Charles had a broken thigh
William Brewer 22, from South Brent
Charles Culley/Culliver 25, was baptised 6 Oct 1822 son of Mary Ann and Charles Culliford of Somerton. He wed 1849 to Mary Vile and they lived at Queenscliffe, where he died 1867
James Haine 24 came from Glastonbury
Edward Gwyn Heath 21, Emma 23 from Bristol,
John Heath 45, Harriett 45, Robert 23, Henry 19, George 17, Anne 13. John wed 19 Oct 1818 to Harriett Barr at ST Mary Radcliff in Bristol.
Mary Hunt 19 went to work for Dr Patrick Cussen, Colonial Surgeon of Lonsdale St, Melbourne
James Martin/Masters 24, and Mary 25, left the Depot at their own request
John Parish 29, Elizabeth 28. John was baptised 13 june 1819 at Bleadon, son of Betty and Thomas Parish
Sarah Peery 20
William Rattle 20, son of Mary and Thomas Rattle of Milton Kewstoke. He settled at Moorabin and wed Elizabeth Jones
John Scriven 33, Harriet 32, Mary Anne 12, Henry John 7, Eliza 4. John wed 1836 to Harriet at Pitney, where Mary Anne was baptised Dec 1836. A dau Susan was baptised at Pitney in March 1840, but she died before departure, and son William had been baptised 8 May 1847 at Bradford, and died aged 1 year old during the voyage.
Mary Vile 24, dau of Anne and James Vile, was baptised 4 Apr 1824 at Shipton. She wed fellow passenger Charles Culley/Culliver.
Emanuel Watts 38, son of Susannah and Thomas Watts, wed Mary Ann 42, dau of Mary Coles and John Banwell of Kewstoke, children were baptised at Worle, James 17 bapt 26 Sep 1830, John 16 bapt 3 Feb 1833, Thomas 13 bapt 22 Mar 1835, Mary Ann 12, Elizabeth 9, Daniel 7, Emanuel 3 and Hannah 1.
Renownarrived 15 Nov 1848, barque, 311 tons, Wm Murray, master, from London 22nd July, and Deal 27th. Passengers—(cabin) Mr and Mrs Lees, and 2 children, Mr and Mrs Soden. Steerage,— John Marriet, D Christie, G Langley, R Colley, Mrs Tough. Agents, M'Lachlan and Shaw.
Royal Georgearrived 7 Nov 1848, ship, 585 tons, Thomas Grieves, master, from London via Ade- laide. Passengers (cabin) Rev Mr Hall, Mrs Hall, Mrs. Scott, Miss Scott, and H H Brown, surgeon; steerage—Mr Stoddart and wife, Mrs Gregory, Mr Burn. Agent—Dalgety & C
Sarah Trottmanarrived 2 Oct 1848, 305 tons, H.Brown, master, from London. Passengers Messrs Richard Lloyd, Frank Saddler, Edward Bich, and Mrs Brown, cabin. Daniel Conway, steerage.
Sarah Trotman, cleared 24 Oct 1848, barque, 306 tons, Hugh Brown master for Sydney and Guam. No passengers.
Senatorarrived 12 Oct 1848, barque, 394 tons, Geo. Burrell, master, from London. Passengers— cabin— Miss Jackson, and Messrs Wm White and Ousley Cockburn ; intermediate—Mr Roadknight, and Miss and Mrs Smith ; steerage—Mr Surplice, Mr A Surplice, Mr Sandall, Mr Alexander, Mrs Alexander, Mr M Alexander, Mr and Mrs Carrick, Mr Lewis, Mrs Lewis and family, Mr and Mrs Greening and family, Mr and Mrs Jeffrey and family, Miss Alexander. 0. Brown and Co, agents.
Sir Edward Parryarrived 24 Jan 1848, ship from England to Port Phillip [assisted emigrant passengers]
Tasmanarrived Port Phillip 19 Oct 1848 Captain John B Blackbourne/Blackburne, 565 ton ship built 1847 in Hobart- by Nathan Brown and Degraves, the largest vessel ever built in Van Dieman's Land.
Tasman arrived 18 Oct 1848, ship, 564 tons, J. B. Blackburn, commander, from London 5th, and Plymouth 16th June. Passengers—cabin—Mrs Isabella Bently, Mrs Gregory, and Mr John Black ; with 221 immigrants. Dr. John Ayre, Surgeon Superintendent:
She left London in early June 1848 with surgeon Dr John Ayre and 221 emigrants and 31 crew members but soon encountered unfavourably light winds, causing an unusually long journey. 7 babies were born, 8 children died of scarlet fever, 3 adults died of scurvy. They also suffered from cold weather,due to lack of suitable warm clothing
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 98 begins a chapter on the Tasman, including a description of the voyage.
John Baker 41, Mary 45, Mary 13, Gideon 10, from South Petherton. Became self-employed.
William Baker 19, son of Susan and George Baker of West Coker who came 1849 on the Lysander with the rest of his family.
Thomas Harrison 19 baptised 29 Mar 1829, son of Mary Ann Frances Seward Dodge who wed 27 Mar 1824 to Thomas Harrison at St Martin's West Coker. Thomas wed Sarah Callow and after she died wed Elizabeth Andrews then had 5 chn. In 1854 he was joined by his widowerer father Thomas and brothers Emmanuel and William and sister Mary with her husband Thomas Baker.
James Lukins 22from Burton a hamlet in parish of Brompton-Ralph
William Masters 34, Anne 31, Anne 9, from Lopen, had wed 16 Apr 1836 to Anne Gillingham, dau of Elizabeth and George Gillingham
William Newcombe 21 from Bristol
Sarah Payne 20 baptised 2 Jan 1828 dau of Mary Osborn wed Feb 1827 to Robert Payne of Ilchester, she went to live with her uncle James Osbourne of Williamstown.
Robert Taylor 18 son of Joan Piddle and John Taylor of South Petherton, went to live with a friend, Henry Marsh.
Josiah Windmill 34, baptised 7 Oct 1810 aged 3 months, 3rd of 6 chn of Elizabeth and Richard Windmill of Pensford. He obtained work with William Roadknight, and wed Charlotte Headland, who died. Wed widow Sarah White who then had a dau and 7 sons, in Geelong.
Thomas Hughesarrived 26 Oct 1848, barque, 309 tons Huddard, master, from London 4th July, and the Downs on the 6th; Passengers—-cabin—-Captain and Mrs Lawlor and son, Mr and Mrs Gregory, Mr Edmund Jones, and Mr John Monteach; steerage—Mr Reed, Mr and Mrs Simmons and 5 children, Mrs Boyle 2 sons and 1 daughter, Mr Baynton, Mr Norton.
Vixenarrived 18 Nov 1848, barque, 296 tons, Lowe, master, from London, 29th July, and the Lizard, 12th August. Passsengers—cabin—Mrs Knox ;steerage—Mr Geo Currie, Mr John Catmur, Mr Arthur Youngman. Jackson, Rae and Co, agents.
Warriorarrived 10 Dec 1848, barque, 307 tons, Stafford, master, from Aberdeen, the 20th August. Agents, M'Lachlan and Shaw. No Passengers.
Comment - The Warrior, from Aberdeen, arrived in Hobson's Bay, on Sunday morning, after calling at Geelong, making the passage in 108 days, she took the north route from Aberdeen. The Hero sailed the same day from London, and both vessels passed Cape Otway at the same time ; the Warrior has therefore, proved herself to be a superior sailer.
Waterloocleared 5 Dec 1848, Waterloo, ship, 898 tons, Neatly, master, for Sydney. Passengers,—Mr. Pritchard, M., Ronald. With original cargo from London.
William Stewartarrived 15 May 1848, 450 ton ship from England to Port Phillip [assisted emigrant passengers], Captain William Jamieson, Surgeon Superintendent Jenner Plomley, brought 234 immigrants, including many families with several children under 14 years of age, and 51 single females, had 7 births and 3 deaths
'Perilous Voyages to the New Land' by Michael Cannon, page 133 announces the unexpected arrival, Describes , girls the letter Christine McRitchie aged 23, wrote home to father in North Queensferry, Scotland, saying she was pleased with her new life.
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 77 begins a chapter on the William Stewart, including a description of the voyage.
John Aplin 31, Sarah 28, Samuel 2 and 6 month old Walter came from Corfe. John was born 1814 at Pitminster, son of Sarah and James Aplin, and wed 1845 to Sarah Facey at All Saints, Trull. Their eldest child, John, died before they left England.
George Cole 31, from Bristol, a blacksmith, left the depot to find work
James Coram 29 with Maria Burston 27 and John 2 came from Milverton
Harriet Druce 18, was baptised 1 Feb 1829, dau of Betty and Simeon Druce of Lopen. She obtained work with Mrs William Easey, wife of an auctioneer, and later wed John Hickey
James Gillingham 25, Susan Stuckey 22. James the son of Elizabeth Hutchings and George Gillingham wed 1846 to Susan Stucky Templeman in Lopen, where their son Henry was baptised. He died during the voyage. Lavinia was born 1849, followed by 3 sons then Charlotte in 1871
William Keel/Kiel 32 was born at Cleeve, Susan 36 born at Liminster in Dorset, came with Sarah 4 and Emma 15 months
began 1st Nov, 1998
Updated 30 Aug 2012 - revised to the end of 1844
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