See Overland Sydney to Port Phillip in Perth Gazette (West Aust), from Melb 12 Feb 1841 - Sydney Herald.|
Coastal Shipping newspaper reports sometimes have lists in the arrival notes, but those who overlanded from Sydney or Adelaide are very difficult to identify.
Cargo and Coastal Ships
Many vessels (at least 200), both small and large, arrived in the port of Melbourne in 1841 from places in Australia. Most originated in major Australian colonial ports like Sydney, Hobart, Launceston and Adelaide, and at least some of these would have been carrying cargo which had been transhipped from vessels arriving from overseas. A smaller, but still significant, number of small vessels (usually less than 100 tons) arrived from outlying settlements such as Twofold Bay (NSW), King Island and Flinders Island (Tasmania) as well as Geelong, Western Port, Portland Bay and Corner Inlet (Victoria).
103 vessels recorded in Geelong Advertiser for 1841
From Overseas by Ship to Port PhillipI have a total of 9075 names. Paid own fares, 381 Cabin, 80 Intermediate and 554 Steerage named and 217 unknown (who travelled Steerage or Intermediate) to PP and listed in the papers of the day. A combination of reports by the Port Phillip Herald listing arrival of 58 vessels from United Kingdom, and Shipping lists for Bounty passengers, suggests 44 vessels brought 7878 persons came to Port Phillip in 1841 - 1761 single women, 1596 single men and 4521 in families, although at least 43 died during the journey.
The hidden group in Intermediate and Steerage - neither listed in newspaper as arrivals, or named on ship list as bounty, has at least 17 children and 491 adult arrivals, and 87 who went from Port Phillip, during 1841. There are 9081 entries with a surname, 788 paid own fares on Bounty vessels plus 299 on other vessels, plus 194 named staff (Masters, Doctors, Mates).
January- Salsette [Jan 2, 9 unknown, 216 named], Ariadne [Jan 9, 70 named], Helen Thompson [Jan 12, 25 names], Fergusson [Jan 15], Sir Charles Forbes [Jan 21], Nimrod [Jan 26]
February- Georgiana [Feb 23, 229 named], York [Feb 24, 64 unknown and 44 named]
March- Argyle [Mar 1, 246 named], Neptune [Mar 28, 313 named]
April- Fortitude [Apr 3, 12 named], John Cooper [Apr 4, 56 unknown, 66 named], Argyle [Apr 13, 243 named],
May- Benares [May 9, 8 in steerage],
June- Duchess Of Northumberland [Jun 3, 311 named], Frankfield [Jun 7, 14 unknown, 345 named]
July- England [Jul 17, 380 named], Alemena [Jul 17, 12 named, 14 not], Royal Saxon [Jul 17, 275 named], George Fyfe [Jul 23, 232 named], Brilliant [Jul 26, 44 named], Stratheden [Jul 26, 12 named], William Abrams [Jul 26, 22 unknown, 211 named], Westminster [Jul 29, 272 named]
August- Frances [Aug 17, 109 named], William Metcalfe [Aug 27, 46 unknown, 247 named], Strathfieldsaye [Aug 30, 18 unknown, 244 named]
September- Forth [Sep 19, 232 named], Middlesex [Sep 30, 12 unknown, 224 named]
October- Thomas Arbuthnot [Oct 2, 277 named], Agricola [Oct 3, 252 named], Enmore [Oct 4, 107 named], Intrinsic [Oct 7, 266 named], Catherine Jamieson [Oct 22, 164 named], Grindlay [Oct 22, 173 named], Lysander [Oct 22, 9 unknown, 232 named]
November- Diamond [Nov 4, 272 named], Wallace [Nov 26, 4 unknown, 336 named], Frances [Nov 28, 109 named], Allan Kerr [Nov 30, 271 named], Marquis Of Bute [Nov 30, 245 named], Mary Nixon [Nov 30, 156 named]
December- Branken Moor [Dec 12, 177 named], Ward Chapman [Dec 12, 394 named], William Mitchell [Dec 16, 48 named], Agostina [Dec 17, 112 named], Asia [Dec 19], Gilmore [Dec 24, 4 unknown, 248 named], Alexander [Dec 27, 269 named],
1 Shipwreck - India burned, 20 drowned, 153 rescued by the Roland and came on the Grindlay.
|All arrivals at Port Phillip, recorded in the local newspapers - |
Bounty Vesselshave blue coloured background on these pages
Notes on Vessels to Port Phillip 1841 with 2435 named passengersSummary notes on Vessels by name - Abeona, Bandicoot, Devonshire, Hamilton, Kilmaurs, Maguasha, Patriot, Tamar,
Bounty Ships each on its own page, total of 276 unknown (paid passengers) and 9012 named (this includes Staff)
The numbers of sons and daughters does not balance that of children, because some are aged over 14, so counted among the single males and single females. Some family age ranges suggest three generations have come together, an older parent, adult children and infants
Other includes paying passengers when either their names, or the number, is known. Included in this group are those who were refused Bounty status on arrival.
Bounty passengers are counted as number of couples, adults with children, sons and daughters, boys under 18 and girls under 15, husbands, wives, single males and single females. There appears to be a number of couples whose ages suggest a second marriage with step children.
The web page featuring 'Wreck of the William Salthouse, 1841' shows a clear picture of Port Phillip. The 251 ton vessel William Salthouse, was the only trading vessel to try to come from Canada to Port Phillip and it floundered and the loss is reported in The Port Phillip Herald for Tuesday, November 30, 1841.
Customs Regulations 1841Comment Column 2 Page 2, Geelong Advertiser 6 Dec 1841 - on the relaxation requiring vessels to use Williams Town as Port of Entry, where the Captains presented their papers on arrival, although it is not the Port of Discharge
The census of 21 March 1841showed a population for the Port Philip District of 11,758 (Melbourne 4,479).
Bounty 4632 family members, 1686 girls, 2414 men (despite rule that number of men must be less than that of single women, to receive Bounty allowance).
Geelong Advertiser for 17 July 1841 reports I have NOT corrected the additions
began 1st Nov, 1998
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