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The march of Civilisation
Came to Port Phillip in 1839
Arrivals in 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1847, 1848, 1849,

Accuracy of the quoted age is questionable - for both adults and children. Fares were determined by the age.

They came by ship - Assisted Immigrants who arrived or left before 1840

Coastal reports in Sydney, Hobart and Launceston suggesting arrivals at Port Phillip before 1840 -
1836, Jan-April 1837, May-Aug 1837, Sep-Dec 1837, Jan-April 1838, May-Aug 1838, Sep-Dec 1838,
Jan-April 1839, May-Aug 1839, Sep-Dec 1839,

Melbourne 1839 Watercolour of Melbourne, 1839, by W. Knight. scanned from Pictorial History of Australia book. The work of art itself is in the Public domain This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies to Australia, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years. source - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Melbourne_1839.JPG
1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday, Passenger lists - NSW lists as families or singles, Victoria has age of individual, or C=child, A=Adult.
Some are not on both lists, people slip between the lists - Vic includes crew and maybe the paying passengers.
Once you know the name of the ship and date of arrival, see the handwritten passenger list kept by NSW
The 'Historical Records of Victoria, Foundation Series, Volume 4, edited by Michael Cannon and Ian MacFarlane, published 1985, has extensive reports on each of these arrivals. We know about 1166 names, out of the 5221 counted arrivals
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 40 has a chapter on the Westminster, with a description of the voyage. She also has some general comments. For example - "To increase the likelihood of vessels sighting each other, facilitating exchange of mail, and other comforts, masters tried to cross the Line between Longitudes 19' and 20', approximately above the Romanche Gap in the great undersea Atlantic Ridge. Here the meeting of prevailing wind systems made it convenient for vessels sailing both north and south, making sightings much less a matter of chance. The Westminster sighted 11 vessels near the line, demonstrating the efficiency of this custom.

Arrivals from British ports, by date,
Hope Jan 1839, John Barry 28 Apr 1839, Midlothian 15 June 1839, Caledonia 18 Sep 1839, Ariadne 20 Sep 1839, Alice Brooks 16 Nov 1839, Palmyra 24 Nov 1839, William Metcalfe 24 Nov 1839, David Clark 3 Dec 1839, Superb 5 Dec 1839, Saint Mungo 6 Dec 1839, Westminster 13 Dec 1839

Alice Brooks

arrived 16 Nov 1839, barque, 212 tons, Capt David Scott, from Liverpool 22 May via Adelaide on 23 Sep 1839.
Cabin passengers Robert Jordan, Benjamin Heap, Mr JW Shepherd, Steerage Richard Grice
Departed 26 Mar 1840 for London


arrived 20 Sep 1839, Capt George McLeod, 504 tons, from Greenock 6 Apr 1839 via Adelaide 9 Sep,
Cabin passengers Lt John Eddington with Mrs Ann Elizabeth Eddington, Master Drysdale Eddington, Miss Eddington and 3 chn, Mrs Blair, Dr Irvine with wife and child, Mr Smyth,
Intermediate passengers Mr King with Mrs and child, Mr Murray, Mr Adams, Donald Black,
Steerage - Peter Virtue with wife, and son Peter.


arrived 18 Sep 1839, Capt John Liddel, 405 tons, from Leith 17 Apr via Bahia 25 Jun 1839. Departed for Sydney 2 Oct 1839 with part of original cargo.
At Bahia picked up 2 passengers, Charles Segal, and Richard Burns, from 'Gazelle' from Hobart to London had put in to Bahia and been condemned,
51 listed Cabin passengers - David Aitchison, George Aitchison, Miss H Atherton, Alexander Airth Broadfoot, Ebenezer Brown, Thomas Brown, Ousley Cockburn, Thomas Hotchin Capland/ Copeland, Dr D Curdie, Mrs Elizabeth Henderson with Elizabeth Henderson, Margaret Henderson and Isabella Henderson, George Henderson and John Henderson, Patrick Henderson, Mr Peter Fairly/ Ferrie and Mrs Fairly/Ferrie, Robert Gardner/ Gardiner, Dickson Hogarth, John Jennings, Thomas Jones with Mrs Mary Jones, Samuel Jones, Jane Jones and Archibald Jones, Mr DS Maconochie/Machonochie, Daniel Mackinnon, John Mather, Miss Agnes McPherson, John Menzies, David Mitchell, Charles Murchie, James Pryde, Mr E Reynolds with Mrs Mary Reynolds, Anthony Reynolds and and 2 dau Reynolds, James Roberts with Mrs Sophia (Nelson) Roberts, Jane Roberts, James Roberts and William Roberts, Peter R Scott, Mr James Simpson and Mrs Agnes Simpson, George Stewart, Edwin Sullivant, Andrew Thomson/ Thompson,

David Clark

arrived 3 Dec 1839 Master WP Mills, Superintendent Archibald Gilchrist, notes
- David Clark Passenger list, my transcription.
See The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser Tuesday 3 December 1839 Page 2 for an account of the arrival of the David Clarke Dec 2009 - NSW has a pilot project to digitise their microfilm copies of the Persons on bounty ships (Agent's Immigrant Lists), see David Clark for this 9 page listing.


arrived Jan 1839 barque, under command of Captain Hart arrived in Sydney 2 Oct 1838 and then to Port Phillip to arrive Jan 1839, was the first to bring 20 families consisting of 100 souls, plus 3 single men, from Sydney and 20 found work in Port Phillip with 18 employers - John Batman, John Brock, Christopher Bury, Michael Carr, William Coghill, Horatio Cooper, Anthony Cottrell, George Coulstock, John Cummings, John Harrison, William Lonsdale, John McNall, John Mills, John Jones Peers, WFA Rucker, George Smith, Thomas Watt, Arundel Wrighte all of Melbourne

These numbers refer only to the 20 families involved in the beginning of the Bounty Immigrants program.
BarqueCouplesdau>7dau<7sons 14+sons>7sons<7infants mentotal
Hope 2116173101363110

Chief Protector of Aborigines, George Augustus Robinson, was allocated 4 Assistant Protectors: James Dredge, Edward Parker, Charles Sievwright and William Thomas, who were appointed in England in 1838, came on the Hope, and took up their duties in the Port Phillip District of New South Wales in January 1839. With the aid of two convicts each, and the powers of a magistrate, they were to protect the native people from ‘any encroachment on their property and from acts of cruelty, oppression or injustice’.
Comment in Port Phillip Herald, 20 Mar 1840, page 2, 'You will perceive by the papers that two very fine young Durham bulls, imported in the Hope, were purchased bt Mr JT Hughes on Thursday, at the very high price of 210 pounds each. Mr James had bid 205 pounds, intending to send them to Port Phillip in the Strathfieldsaye on speculation.'

The Hope first arrived in Australian waters
Colonial Times Hobart, 25 Sep 1836 arrived the Hope, McCullum, 278 tons, from Liverpool 29 May passenger Thomas Lee
Advertisement 14 Oct 1836 in Hobart Town Courier - the AI Clyde built barque Hope, Archibald McCallum Commander, will sail for Sydney and afterwards to Calcutta. very superior accommodation available.
Oct 30 arrival at Sydney, the barque Hope, McCullum master, from Liverpool via Hobart, passengers Thomas Lee Esq, Lieut Allen Bengal Service, Eyles Irwin Esq, Bengal Civil Service, Lazarus Venables and Richard Venables
Australian (Sydney) 25 Nov 1836 - on 23 Nov the barque Hope, McCullum master, departed for Calcutta
Fri 8 Dec 1837, Sydney Monitor reported arrival on Weds last, the bark Hope, McCullum nmaster, from India the 22 Aug and Hobart Town the 28 Nov, with merchandise, passengers Dr Lloyd, Messrs Hutton, Dalton, Bourne and three natives of India. Cargo list includes 330 bags potatoes and 22 bales kangaroo skins (from Hobart I presume.)
15 Dec reported to be unloading at the Kings Wharf, then refitting,
Fri 26 Jan 1838, the bark Hope, Hart master departs this morning from Sydney for South Aust - Sydney Monitor. Australian Sydney adds she sailed with cattle, passenger Mr F Bonnar
Sat 10 Mar 1838, South Aust Gazette page 3 has a letter signed by John Hart, Master of the Hope, protesting about a letter in Sydney newspaper The Australian, saying they were overcrowded with cattle and 30 died. His answer - some died from illness, the sick ones landed again, also died.
The contract price in Adelaide to delived cattle alive is 15 pounds a head
26 March 1838, the barque Hope, Hart master, arrived from Portland Bay with 120 head of horned cattle
26 Mar 1838 arrived at Sydney, barque Hope, Hart master, from Portland Bay with 120 head horned cattle
13 June 1838 the barque Hope, Hart master, at Adelaide from Portland Bay with stock
Hope left Adelaide some time before 25 Aug 1838,
Sydney Gazette Thursday 18 October 1838 arrival in Sydney from london whence she sailed 15 June the barque Hope 377 tons, Captain John Coombes, with merchandise. Passengers cabin Mr G Everett, Mr J Everett, Mr and Mrs Wilton, Mr W Wilton, Mr Andrew Oliver, Mr E Montefiore, Mr and Mrs Mocatta, Mr S Clay, Mr Joseph Webb, Mr Richard Webb, Mr James Riley, Mr Stephen Starton, Mr James Berwick, Mr Howell, Mr Edward Torkington, Mrs Watkins, Mr Ibbert Martin, and William Stranger Esq. MD,. FGSMWS, and 25 in the Steerage,
22 Oct 1838 the Hope landed Immigrants in Sydney. They arrived unaccompanied by females, so no Bounty paymants (18 pounds each) can be made to the Agent, till the arrival of Single women, for Duncan Frazer 23, John Smith 25, James Smith 18, Donald Noble 26, William Forbes 23, William Mackintosh 20 all from invernessshire, Daniel McLanon 19, Lougford, Hugh McGregor 30 Kilmorach and Mark Belasco 21 of London - see end of Page 1 and Page 2.
Purchase reported 21 Sep 1839 by Mr A Polack of the barque Hope from Mr D Egan for sum of 4000 (guineas)
The Sydney Gazette 3 Dec 1839, last paragraph of Ship News - We understand Mr Thomas Watson has proceeded in the Mary Ann to Valparaiso for the purpose of bringing the barque Hope, the property of Mr A Polack, back to Sydney

From on Sunday, 17 July, 2011
Dear Elizabeth,
Thank you for your research. I am trying to locate the crew list for the ship named HOPE arrived July 1839 Sydney then Melbourne from the U.K.
My Grt Grt Grandfather Walter Wintle is believed to be a cabin boy who jumped ship but we cannot find any trace of him.

John Barry

arrived from Sydney, 28 Apr 1839, 520 tons, master J Robson, at Port Phillip with 48 families from the British King, 199 men, women and children. All the healthy immigrants obtained work without great difficulty as labour was scarce - though 15 of the 42 listed just got day work in Melbourne. Donald McDonald 17 and the families of William Matthews, Donald McPherson and Duncan McDonald remained in the sick quarters.

See John Barry extensive notes, and passenger list

From on Thursday, 9 April, 2009

I am the co-ordinator of the British King [ship] 1839 Genealogy Research Project, a registered organisation and we have been going for around 10 years, such is the depth of the Project [from pre 1838 to living kin].
We are tracing the lives of the passengers who came to Australia on the 'British King' including the Camerons. I am close to publishing Volume 1 of the Project which will detail probably 7-8 of the families where we have the research completed.

Mary Hay

arrived at Sydney 19 May 1839, barque 258 tons, Vallum master, came from the Cape of Good Hope on 20 March, with 68 Government emigrants, being part of the passengers of the Juliana wrecked at the Cape. The passengers were sickly when put on board, and during the voyage there were 6 deaths and one birth. Cabin passengers Henry Kelsall Esq., superintendent of the Juliana, Captain Townshend of the Bengal Army, and Messrs Gardner, Milne, John Stewart, James Crawford, George Wilkinson, Thomas Brown, Robert Brown and John Ryan who were passengers in the Trafalgar, wrecked also at the Cape.
The Mary Ann eparted from Sydney 29 June for Port Phillip, passengers Mr W Milner, Mr J Milner, Mr G Milner, Mr Leary with wife and chn, steerage Mr Cole, Catherine Connor and 3 chn, W Durand, Robert Tand with wife and 3 chn, J Deane and wife, Sarah Brown, John Robertson, Macarthurm Hoyle and Erskine


arrived 15 June 1839 from Leith 29 Feb 1839 via The Downs 15 Mar, with a general cargo, Capt George Morrison, 414 tons.
18 Steerage passengers whose names were not recorded and 27 named Cabin passengers.
Mr J How with Mrs J How, Elizabeth How and M How, Dr Farquhar McCrae with Mrs McCrae, Agnes McCrae, Thomasine McCrae, Margaret McCrae and Jane McCrae, Mrs J Thomson/ Thompson and servant, Mrs Ann Todd and servant, Robert Buckham, George Craig, Frederick Charles Easton, Charles Gray, William G Hay, Thomas Horsburgh, Robert Huckham (in newspaper), Alexander Johnston/ Johnstone, Thomas Johnson, John Hunter Kerr, Adam Kerr, John Marr, Charles Robertson (in newspaper), William Russell, WR Scott, Hugh Walker, Robert Wilkin,
and 21 in the steerage. Departed 29 June 1839 for Sydney with part of her original cargo and some of the passengers


arrived 24 Nov 1839, 400 ton barque Captain Brown from Greenock to Port Phillip 1839 came with 47 Assisted Immigrants, with 19 children in 7 families, 4 more married couples, 3 single men and 4 single women. Bounty claim 632 pounds paid in Sydney, no disposal notes.
Dec 2009 - NSW has a pilot project to digitise their microfilm copies of the Persons on bounty ships (Agent's Immigrant Lists), see for this 2 page listing.

Di Cummings page records crew and passengers intended for Adelaide, Melbourne and Sydney.
The Spence family from Melrose on the Tweed came on the Palmyra to Adelaide and daughter Catherine Helen Spence was aged under 15. Notes from her Autobiography Her parents had a 80 acre section bought for 80 pounds which entitled them to the steerage passage of four adults - her elder sister and 2 brothers and a servant girl as they needed a second female. She and her mother went Intermediate, her father left a fortnight earlier on the Dumfries and arrived at Adelaide 13 Oct 1839. Her younger brother David was left in Scotland for his education.
Also bound for Melbourne included Mr and Mrs Duncan, of Melrose, and Charles Williamson, from Hawick, who founded a great business house in Collins Street.
Bounty passengers are John Armstrong with family, John Crawford with family, Alexander Dodds single, Mary Hardee single, James Jamieson with family, John Jardine with family, Ann Lawson single, James Mcdonald with wife, Donald Mcnicoll with family, Mathew Palmer single, Mary Sharp single, Euphemia Stewart single, William Swan with wife, James Tait with family, Margaret Tait single, Andrew Thompson single, Thomas Watson with wife, John Williamson with wife, Robert Williamson with family,
Alexander Turnbull aged 4 appears to be son of Margaret Tait, Christening: 22 May 1835 at Wilton, Roxburgh, Scotland.

Commercial Journal, Palmyra arrived in Sydney from Port Phillip on Sat 14 Dec 1839 with passengers surnamed Brown, Goodfellow, Scubbie, McCarthy, Smith, Stubbs, Oliver, Curl, Davison, Waterson, Brown, Macpherson, Laidlaw, M'Kerrow, Severne and Hughes.

BarqueCouplesdau>7dau<7sons>7sons<7infants menwomentotal
Palmyra 11183603447

From TheShipslist, Palmira 602 tons, owned by J. Somes, commenced 26 Dec 1839 conveying troops to and from the Mediterranean; in 1840, troops to New South Wales, and provisions and stores thence to China, where she remained until her discharge on 30 Nov 1842

Saint Mungo

arrived 6 Dec 1839, 353 tons, Captain R S Orr, from Leith in 150 days, via Rio de Janiero (there for 9 days) with 52 Immigrants. None were Bounty immigrants. The NSW list has 31 single men, 1 husband, 14 single women, 2 married women and 4 children. There are 24 different surnames, including 7 Martins and 6 each of Youngs, Hutchison and Dale

The Sydney Commercial Journal and Advertiser for 1 Jan 1840 reports the arrival of the St Mungo at Port Phillip on the 6 Dec, lists Mr Young with supercargo and freight, Mrs Young and 3 chn, Mr Adams, surgeon, Messrs Black, Marjoribanks, Dickson, Gillow, Bell, Bogne, Thomson, Mrs Adams and child, Miss Maclarlane and 38 in the steerage. After discharging her cargo, she will come to Sydney.

BarqueCouplesdau>7dau<7sons >14sons>7sons<7infants menwomentotal
Saint Mango 745334020154

James Adams Surgeon, with Mrs Adams and 2 chn, William G Bell, James Black, Adam Bogne, Andrew Bowie, Andrew Crichton, William Dale, James Dick, John Dickson, William Dickson, Mr Thomas Duncan, James Fitzgerald, John Gillon, Francis Herbertson, John Hutchison, Alexander Kidd, Gilbert Margowbanks, James (Snr) Martin, John Mcarthur, Miss Mcfarlane, James Orr, John Orr, James Robertson, John Sanderson, James Swanston, Anthony Thomson, James Turner, David Young with Mrs Young and 3 chn,

Reported 7 Jan 1840 - The St Mungo 360 tons, Captain Orr, with merchandise arrived 6 Jan 1840 at Sydney from Leith 4 July, Rio de Janeiro 24 Sep and Port Phillip the 23 Dec. Passemgers Dr Adams, Lady and child, Messrs Black, Marjoribanks, Bell, Orr, Dixon, Thompson, Young, McFarlane, Gillas and one in the steerage.
Sydney Commercial Journal for Saturday 8 Feb 1840 noted the St Mungo departed yesterday in ballast, for Java.


arrived 5 Dec 1839, barque 535 tons, Captain Neil Shannon master, from the Port of Glasgow on the 8th July 1839, from Greenock 13 Jul 1839, and Adelaide 28 Nov 1839.
See Di Cummings page Superb for South Australian passengers on this vessel. Ozships lists Passengers for Port Phillip as Messrs Archer, Atherton, Brock, Eddie, Simpson, Snodgrass, Templar, Walker

Other passengers appear to include Catherine Ogilvy with her brothers David Ogilvie and William Spence Ogilvie, and Elizabeth Aitchinson Williamson, who wed David Ogilvie in 1841, notes obtained from the Ogilvy Website


arrived 13 Dec 1839, barque 610 tons, Captain Mollison, from England to Port Phillip [assisted emigrant passengers] with Mr Davis Surgeon-Superintendent, and 9 died during the voyage.
My transcription of the Westminster Passenger list.

Dec 2009 - NSW has a pilot project to digitise their microfilm copies of the Persons on bounty ships (Agent's Immigrant Lists), see originals of Westminster arrived 13 Dec 1839 for this 7 page listing, and another 2 page listing of those who went to Sydney.

Numbers exclude 25 who only appear on the Disposal List, and probably boarded the vessel to go to Sydney
From Commercial Journal and Advertiser, 8 Jan 1840, reports arrival at Sydney yesterday of the barque Wesminster, Captain Mollison, with merchandise, Passengers Messrs James Devlin, Archibald Osborne, James Aitkins, John Matchinson, W Davies Esq surgeon, and three in the steerage from Port Phillip, also 29 emigrants from London.

WestminsterCouplesdau>14dau>7dau<7sons 14+sons>7sons<7infants menwomenwidowstotal
Other 80001111388166

On 2 Jan 1840 the Westminster sailed for Sydney. Passengers Cabin Messrs Atkins, Matchison and Osborow/Osborne, Steerage Messrs Crowe, Davies and Douglas - report in Port Phillip Herald, 3 Jan 1840
Reported by Commercial Journal, Sydney 8 Jan 1840, arrived from London via Port Phillip, yesterday, having sailed from London on 18 Aug and the latter port 2nd instant, the barque Westminster, Captain Mollison, with merchandise. Passengers Messrs James Devlin, Archibald Osborne, James Aitkins, John Mathinson, W Davies, Esq., surgeon, and three in the steerage, from Port Phillip; also 29 emigrants from London.
From Westminster at Sydney John 21 and Mary 19 Gumen, Edward 31 and Mary 27 Learey, William 35 and Mary 19 Mullen, William 38 and Jane 35 Matthews, single men Daniel Cornelus 24 and John OConnor 29, single womeen Catherine Burgess 21, Honora Dillon 23, Mary Doolan 27 (a widow with 2 children not claimed for), Margaret Gogan 27, Jane Matthews 16, Cathleen Mullan 25, Mary Hoarhan 24, Anne Louggen 24, Bridget ODea 22, Mary OConnor 27, Judith Stapleton 21, and Michael 23 Hourigan whose wife and Anne 29 died at sea.
Exports from Melbourne - part of her original cargo from London, 48 tons of iron, 6 barrels flour, 13 ash oars, 3 butts sherry, 3 dozen port wine, 5 dozen sherry, 1 box soap, 17 cases strong beer, 2 casks ditto, 30 deals.

William Metcalfe

arrived 24 Nov 1839, ship from England to Port Phillip Have page 17 of Disposal list (30 names and calling) -
William Metcalfe Passenger list, my transcription. See the official NSW listing of the William Metcalfe Assisted Immigrants

From JB Were had 9000 pounds to invest and the goods he purchased were sold in Australia for 70,000 pounds. He may have chartered the ship William Metcalfe, in which he sailed, but it is certain the bulk of the cargo was his - included a house ready for erection, a number of tents, and at Oporto he purchased port wine in gallon glass decanters engraved with the name J B Were.
Jonathan Binns Were boarded at Plymouth Harbour in July 1839, by his wife, infant son Jonathan Henry, 4 yr old daughter Sophia Louisa, his brother-in-law Robert Stevenson Dunsford and two servants. With Captain Phillipson they sailed 26 July and reached Port Phillip after 113 days, on 15 Nov 1839 with 230 assisted immigrants, followed by Palmyra arrived 24 Nov 1839 with 43, David Clark arrived 3 Dec 1839 with 229, and Westminster arrived 13 Dec 1839 with 208, a total of 710 assisted immigrants.

Shipsondauhuswifesmsf SoulsyoungfamiliescouplesumufBornDiedPaid
William Metcalfe 323341553636237216219553941137m 18f 13chn

William Metcalfe ship, Phillipson, arrived at Port Phillip 10 Feb 1840 from Sydney

See also notes on William Metcalfe in 1840 and 1841 bringing more Bounty people

TotalShipsfamiliessingle mensingle womenTotal

Introduction for 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1847, 1848, 1849,
Home, Notes on events

Elizabeth Janson's web contributions
began 1st Nov, 1998
This page began on 16 July 2007
Updated 30 Aug 2012 - revised to the end of 1844
See my Resume and list of new web addresses.
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